Amoud University made a decision to open the said faculty given the fact that agriculture is the backbone of our economy and in addition to that provides wider scope and opportunities for the people in the country. As this nation approaches twenty first century requires more people that are involved in agriculture as their primary economic activity than ever before but unfortunately agriculture only accounts for four percent of the country’s GDP.
Faculty of agriculture of Amoud University will play a key role to the enhancement of crop production and the provision of people equipped with the latest knowledge in the field in addition to the provision of food for humans and animal feeds, Faculty of agriculture will play also a key role in the use of gene manipulation, better management of soil nutrients, and improved weed control and much more because all of these are mechanism that increase yield per unit area. The developing world generally produces lower yields, having less of the latest science, capital, and technology base.
At the moment, Agriculture in our country is subsistence agriculture (the production of enough food to meet just the needs of the farmer/agriculturalist and his/her family). Amoud university with the establishment of the faculty of agriculture wants to transform the current agricultural system into that of industrial agriculture, (often referred to as factory farming) long prevalent in "developed" nations and increasingly so elsewhere, which consists of obtaining financial income from the cultivation of land to yield produce, the commercial raising of animals (animal husbandry), or both.
In addition to that; the improvement of a country's human resource capacity for productivity is a prerequisite for social and economic development. In the agricultural sector, both formal and non-formal education is essential for improving food security and rural employment and reducing poverty. Formal agricultural education is needed for the production of skilled manpower to serve the agricultural sector through extension, research, entrepreneurship and commerce. Non-formal agricultural education, often provided by both public and private extension services, is needed for training of farmers, farm families and workers and for capacity building in a wide range of rural organizations and groups.
To meet the challenges of agricultural production and food security facing Somaliland today and in the 21st century, We must be willing to invest in our human capital for development. Improving human capital in agriculture is especially important for instance in our country where the shortage of trained human resources is a major limiting factor to development. However, Faculty of agriculture is taking advantage of good quality teaching staff holding higher degrees from prestigious universities in abroad. Besides it has also microbiology, biochemistry and soil labs equipped with state of the art instruments. Moreover, the library of the faculty of agriculture holds up to date text books on almost all the subjects of agriculture.
The Faculty of Agriculture and Environment is associated with several Research Institutions including UNDP and also works in partnerships with several Non Governmental Organizations. For example Click here SUNARPA/Amoud University Project to see the projects undertaken by Amoud University jointly with SUNARPA, a German-African Research Group.