REMARKS OF AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES

The School of Postgraduate Studies is located at Amoud Valley, the university's main campus, Borama, Awdal Region, Somaliland. The School was  inaugurated on July 9th, 2012.

AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES: SCHOOL VISION

To be a Centre of Excellence in training, service, research and community development.

 

Dr. Mohamed Musa Jibril, the Dean School of Research and Postgraduate Studies, Amoud University, March 2015.

 

AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES: SCHOOL MISSION

The Mission of SPGS is to foster and develop academic excellence in basic and applied research at all levels of study by training practice oriented manpower who can contribute effectively to social, intellectual and academic development in the community, the nation and the community of nations

OBJECTIVES OF AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES

  1. To help local and International students get affordable, local and relevant programs
  2. To motivate undergraduate students
  3. To be the first Somali Higher Education Institution offering  Post-graduate program
  4. To cater for the growing need  of qualified manpower nationwide

PROGRAMS OFFERED AT AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES

  1. Doctoral Program
  2. Masters Program
  3. Postgraduate Diploma Program
  4. Postgraduate Certificate Program

SPECIALIZATION AREAS FOR AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES

  1. Master of Education (MED)
  2. Master of Science (MSc)
  3. Master of Arts (MA)
  4. Master of LLM (LLM)
  5. Master of Business (MBA)

 

Amoud University Masters Candidate Defending her Thesis in April 2015 at the College of Health Sciences Meeting Hall

 

DEPARTMENTS OF AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES SCHOOL

  1. Department of Education
  2. Department of Health Sciences
  3. Department of Agriculture and Environment
  4. Department of Business
  5. Department of Economics
  6. Department of Sharia and Law
  7. Department of Nursing

AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES ELIGIBILITY

To qualify for admission into the Masters degree candidates shall be:
Holders of a degree of Amoud University with Grade Points of 2.70 and above or a degree from any other recognized University and Postgraduate Diploma of Amoud University or from any other recognized University, or evidence of extensive research experience as demonstrated by publications in peer reviewed journals.

In addition to the above, applicants must meet the specific requirements of the Masters programme as approved by Senate.

REMARKS OF AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES

The School of Postgraduate Studies is located at Amoud Valley, the university's main campus, Borama, Awdal Region, Somaliland. The School was  inaugurated on July 9th, 2012.

AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES: SCHOOL VISION

To be a Centre of Excellence in training, service, research and community development.

 

Dr. Mohamed Musa Jibril, the Dean School of Research and Postgraduate Studies, Amoud University, March 2015.

 

AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES: SCHOOL MISSION

The Mission of SPGS is to foster and develop academic excellence in basic and applied research at all levels of study by training practice oriented manpower who can contribute effectively to social, intellectual and academic development in the community, the nation and the community of nations

OBJECTIVES OF AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES

  1. To help local and International students get affordable, local and relevant programs
  2. To motivate undergraduate students
  3. To be the first Somali Higher Education Institution offering  Post-graduate program
  4. To cater for the growing need  of qualified manpower nationwide

PROGRAMS OFFERED AT AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES

  1. Doctoral Program
  2. Masters Program
  3. Postgraduate Diploma Program
  4. Postgraduate Certificate Program

SPECIALIZATION AREAS FOR AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES

  1. Master of Education (MED)
  2. Master of Science (MSc)
  3. Master of Arts (MA)
  4. Master of LLM (LLM)
  5. Master of Business (MBA)

 

Amoud University Masters Candidate Defending her Thesis in April 2015 at the College of Health Sciences Meeting Hall

 

DEPARTMENTS OF AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES SCHOOL

  1. Department of Education
  2. Department of Health Sciences
  3. Department of Agriculture and Environment
  4. Department of Business
  5. Department of Economics
  6. Department of Sharia and Law
  7. Department of Nursing

AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES ELIGIBILITY

To qualify for admission into the Masters degree candidates shall be:
Holders of a degree of Amoud University with Grade Points of 2.70 and above or a degree from any other recognized University and Postgraduate Diploma of Amoud University or from any other recognized University, or evidence of extensive research experience as demonstrated by publications in peer reviewed journals.

In addition to the above, applicants must meet the specific requirements of the Masters programme as approved by Senate.

LIST OF STUDENTS WHO HAVE SUCCESSFULLY DEFENDED THEIR RESEARCH TOPICS AS AT APRIL 27, 2015

 Amoud University Masters Candidate Defending his Thesis in April 2015 at the College of Health Sciences Meeting Hall

 

The following Shows a List of Students who have successfully defended their Research Topics so far, at Amoud University in the dates specified. This information was obtained from the Dean, Postgraduate Studies and Research Dr. Mohamed Muse Jibril.

Also present was Mrs. Saida A. Omar who is the Assistant Dean, School of Postgraduate Studies and Research.

The Panelists include:-

  1. Oso Y. Willis
  2. Olande C. Oyucho
  3. Nduta M. Githae
  4. Okolo E. Enos
  5. Ndaga J. Odhiambo

The Defense sessions are organized as follows:-

  • First, All candidates and the public are seated by the scheduled start time.
  • This is followed by brief Opening Remarks offered by the Dean, SRPGS.
  • The Opening address by the President, Amoud University then follows.
  • Thereafter, Observations/ Reactions from the floor.
  • Candidates promptly leave the examination room.
  • Viva Voce then Begins.

 

JANUARY 24TH/25TH 2014
S. No. Candidate Registration Number programme Topic
1. Abdisalam J. Ibrahim MPH/01/0023/2012 Public Health Factors Causing Delayed Treatment among Tuberculosis Patients in Borama District, Somaliland
2. Ahmed A. Buhane MPH/01/0044/2012 Public Health Factors Influencing the Consumption of Khat Among Youths Borama City Somaliland.
3. Deq A. Hassan MPP/01/0027/2012 Project Planning Factors influencing Performance of Small Scale Business Projects in Borama Town, Somaliland
4. Fadumo A. Mohamed MPH/01/0022/2012 Public Health Effect of Female Genital Mutilation on Women’s Health During Delivery in Borama Town, Somaliland
5. Ismail M. Ayeh MPH/01/0043/2012 Public Health Factors Influencing Antenatal Care Service Utilization Among Women in Material Child Health Care Facilities in Borama, Somaliland
6. Jibril A. Ali MED/01/0012/2012 Educ. Policy & Planning Effect of Staffing Policy on Performance of Academic Staff of Amoud University, Somaliland
7. Mahdi A. Hufane MPP/01/0006/2012 Project Planning Challenges Facing Management of Municipal Solid Waste in Borama Town, Somaliland.
8. Mohamoud E. Yousuf MPP/01/0053/2012 Project Planning Influence of Female Genital Mutilation Projects on the Prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation in Borama District, Somaliland
9. Mukhtar M. Alabari MPP/01/0007/2012 Project Planning Challenges Facing Performance of Small Scale Fishing Projects in Awdal Region Somaliland

 

JUNE 13TH, 2014
S. No. Candidate Reg. No. Programme Topic
1. Abdillahi A. Omar MED/01/0059/2012 Educ. Policy & Planning Challenges Facing Formulation of Educational Policies at Amoud University
2. Nadira J. Jama MPP/01/0017/2012 Project Planning Effect of Corruption on Performance of Construction Projects in Boroma District
3. Abdikadir N. Abdi MPP/01/0037/2012 Project Planning Effect of management on sustainability of Local Non-Governmental Organization in Boroma district.
4. Ahmed D. Adam MED/01/0011/2012 Educ. Policy & Planning Determinants of Competition Rates of Female Students in Universities in Somaliland. The Case of Amoud University
5. Abdisalam M. Osman MED/01/0032/2012 Educ. Policy & Planning Effect of Teaching Policy on Academic Achievement of Students of Amoud University
6. Mohamed A. Osman MRD/01/0107/2013 Rural Development Assessment of climate Change Impact on Rural Livelihood and Adaption Methods in Shirwac Community in Somaliland
7. Abdikadir H. Khalif MBA/02/0080/2013 Finance & Accounting Effect of Financial Management Practices on Performance of Small Businesses in Boroma Town
8. Fadumo S. A. Samatar MED/01/0056/2012 Educ. Policy & Planning Factors Influencing Dropout of Girls from Public Secondary Schools in Borama District
9. Asma A. Hashi MPH/01/0063/2012 Public Health Status of Knowledge of prevention of Hypertension among Hypertensives in Somaliland. The case of Hypertensives in Hargeisa Group Hospital
10. Ahmed A. Tallan MED/01/0026/2012 Educ. Policy & Planning Projection of Teacher Demand in Secondary Schools in Boroma District, 2014-2018

 

JULY 24TH, 2014
S. No. Candidate Reg. No. Programme Topic
1. Ahmed M. Ateye MED/01/0025/2012 Policy & Planning Challenges facing planning of academic programmes in secondary schools in Borama District, Somaliland.
2. Sulemain H. Ali MED/01/0029/2012 Policy & Planning Effect of type of secondary school attended performance of students in higher education. The case of Amoud university.
3. Abdikani A. Kahiye MED/01/0060/2012 Policy & Planning Factors influencing the enrolment of female students in Amoud university.
4. Mukhtar H. Abdillahi MED/02/0094/2013 Curriculum Mgt. & Instr Influence of parental involvement o academic achievement of pupils in public primary schools in Boroma district, Somaliland.

 

JANUARY 24TH, 2015; AT THE PUBLIC HEALTH CONFERENCE
S. No. Candidate Reg. No. Programme Topic
1. Omer S. Indhamood MED/02/0095/2013 Curriculum Instruction & Management Influence  of teachers’ personal characteristics on performance in mathematics by students in secondary schools in Borama District, Somaliland
2. Hassan M. Heban MED/02/0089/2013 Curriculum Instruction & Management Impact of Free Primary Education on Quality of Education in Public Primary Schools in Borama District, Somaliland

 

FEBRUARY 20TH, 2015; AT THE PUBLIC HEALTH CONFERENCE
S. No. Candidate    Reg. No. Programme Topic
1. Ahmed H, Obsiye MRD/01/0102/2013 Rural Development Effect of Staking Tomato on Yields Amongst Small Holder Farmers in Baki District, Awdal Region
2. Mohamed B Muse MRD/01/0108/2013 Rural Development Determinants of Food Insecurity among Agro Pastoral Households in Dilla District, Somaliland
3. Xassan M. Jimale MRD/01/0105/2013 Rural Development Factors Influencing Declining Agricultural Production among Small Scale Famers in Walaal-gao Village, Boroma District, Somaliland.

 

MARCH 26TH 2015 AT THE SCHOOL OF POSTGRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH COMPOUND
S. No. Candidate Reg. No. Programme Topic
1. Abdikadir A. Bade MRD/01/0096/2013 Rural Development & Pastoral Economics Challenges Facing Crop Production  Among Small Scale Farmers in Rural Areas of Baki District, Somaliland
2. Abdikadir A. Bade MRD/02/0104/2013 Rural Development & Pastoral Economics Impact of Rainwater on Food Security of Households in Rural Areas of Borama District, Somaliland.
3. Hussein M. Mohamed MPH/01/0001/2013 Public Health Challenges Facing Measles Immunization Coverage For 9-59 Month Olds in Somaliland. The Case of Burao District.
4. Ismail Y. Ahmed MBA/01/0064/2012 Project Planning & management Effectiveness of Conflict Management Strategies Used in Construction Projects In Borama District, Somaliland.
5. Saed H. Egeh MPH/02/0067/2013 Public Health Challenges of Case Management of Pneumonia In Under-Five Year Olds in Borama Hospital, Somaliland.
6. Warda A. Kamil MPH/02/0071/2013 Public Health Determinants of Antenatal Anemia in Expectant Mothers in Borama Town, Somaliland.

 

A section of the Panelists and Audience seated during the Defense Session of-one of the Masters Candidates at Amoud University in April 2015 

 

 APRIL 16TH 2015 AT THE SCHOOL OF POSTGRADUATE STUDIES AND RESEARCH COMPOUND
S. No. Candidate Reg. No. Programme Topic
1 Abdi Saed Hersi MRD/01/0112/2013 Rural Development & Pastoral Economics Impact of Soil conservation on Food Security of Households in Qalooc Village, Somaliland.
2. Abdirizak Idle Abdi MED/02/0087/2013 Educational Policy & Planning Impact of Phantom Curriculum on Academic Performance of Students in Secondary Schools in Borama District, Somaliland
3. Abdiwahab Hamud Ahmed MRD/01/0100/2013 Rural Development & Pastoral Economics Impact of Small Scale irrigation Practices on Household Food Security in Baki District.
4. Ibrahim Dahir Billad MBA/01/0004/2013 Project Planning & Management Factors Influencing affecting Implementation of Rainwater Harvesting Projects by Farmers in Borama town.

 

 

MASTERS STUDENTS RESEARCH AND PUBLICATIONS

AMOUD UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF RESEARCH AND POSTGRADUATE STUDIES - MASTERS STUDENTS RESEARCH & PUBLICATIONS STATUS

RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND PASTORAL ECONOMICS
S. No. Registration Number Student's Name Research Title [Click on Title to View Publication]
Status

1.

MRD/01/0076/2013 Mohamed Heban Awale  Factors influencing cattle milk production among small holder farmers in Shirwac village, Somaliland Proposal 

2.

MRD/01/0096/2013 Abdikadir Ali Bade  Challenges facing production of rain-fed among small scale farmers in Baki district  Proposal
3. MRD/01/0102/2013 Ahmed Habane Obsiye  Factors influencing tomato staking among small holder farmers in Shirwac village, Baki District.  Proposal
4. MRD/01/0104/2013 Deeqa Omar Ahmed  Effect of rainwater harvesting on food security of households in rural areas of Borama District, Somaliland  Data Collection
5. MRD/01/0105/2013 Hassan Mohamed Jimale  Factors influencing declining agricultural production among small-scale farmers in Somaliland. The case Walaal-goo Village, Baki District.  Proposal
6. MRD/01/0107/2013 Mohamed Abdi Osman  Status of household livelihoods in Somaliland. The case of Shirwac village, Borama district.  Proposal
7. MRD/01/0108/2013 Mohamed Barkhad Muse  Determinants of Food Insecurity among Agro Pastoral Households in Dilla District, Somaliland.  Data Collection

 

CURRICULUM MANAGEMENT AND INSTRUCTION
S. No. Reg. No Student's Name Research Title [Click on Title to View Publication]
Status
1. MED/02/0089/2013 Hassan Mohamed Heban Effect of free primary education on quality of education in public primary schools in Boroma district, Somaliland Thesis
2. MED/02/0092/2013 Mohamed Ismail Osman Effect of phantom curriculum on academic achievement of students in secondary schools in Boroma district, Somaliland Proposal
3. MED/02/0093/2013 Mohamud Mohamed Omar Influence of non-formal curriculum activities on academic achievement of students in secondary schools in Boroma district, Somaliland Proposal
4. MED/02/0094/2013 Mukhtar Hamud Abdillahi Influence of parental involvement on academic achievement of pupils in public primary schools in Borama district Thesis
5. MED/02/0095/2013 Omar Suldan Indhamood Effect of teacher personal characteristics on the performance in mathematics by students in secondary schools in Borama district, Somaliland Thesis

 

 One of The Masters Cadidates at Amoud University School of Postgraduate Studies and Research inside the SRPGS premises during his Thesis Defense in April 2015

 

EDUCATIONAL POLICY AND PLANNING
S. No Reg. No Student's Name Research Title [Click on Title to View Publication]
Status
1. MED/01/0011/2012 Ahmed Dahir Adam Determinants of completion rates of female students in Amoud University, Somaliland    Complete
2. MED/01/0012/2012 Jibril Abdikadir Ali Effect of staffing policy on performance of academic staff of Amoud University, Somaliland Complete - Published
3. MED/01/0025/2012 Ahmed Mohamed Ateye Challenges facing academic programmes planning in secondary schools in Borama district, Somaliland Complete - Published
4. MED/01/0026/2012 Ahmed Abdilahi Tallan Projection of teacher demand in secondary schools in Borama District, Somaliland Complete - Published

 

TEACHER DEMAND IN SOMALILAND


 
A Projection of Teacher Demand in Secondary Schools in Boroma District,

Somaliland

 

 

Tallan A. Ahmed
Amoud University
    


A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of

Masters of Education in Educational Policy and Planning


December, 2014

 

ABSTRACT


Education remains the mother of all economies of the world and without which, or with poor education; all other sectors fail. Of the 4Ms of production, the other three are docile without human resource. And education being what it is, the value of making available sufficient numbers of properly qualified teachers for the attainment of the objectives of the education need not be over emphasized. But despite this understanding, teacher planning (projection) in secondary schools in Somaliland has been poor and rather disorganized with basic parameters generally lacking. In secondary schools in Boroma District in particular, there are no up-to-date records of current teacher establishment or of projected teacher demand which are developed in line with the objectives of the schools or objectives of education in the region and the country as a whole. The current teachers’ status in terms of their skills and competences, the short falls, and the projected requirements are not documented. Moreover, the extent to which teacher planning has impacted on the quality of education in Somaliland and in Borama District in a particular had not been empirically investigated. Without such information, the present mismatch between teachers’ demands and established positions would persist, and the quality of education in the district or the country would remain compromised. Guided by the Human Capital Theory of Theodore Schultz, study projected the demand of teachers for secondary schools in Boroma District. The study specifically assessed the current status of teacher capacity in secondary schools in Boroma district; determined the current teacher demand; determined the gap between the current teacher capacity, and teacher demand; and identified the suitable strategies for closing the gap in teacher requirements in secondary schools in Boroma district. The study was conducted in all the 12 secondary schools in Boroma District using a census survey research design. Data was collected from a census sample of 157 teachers in the 12 secondary schools using questionnaire in November 2014. The study found that there are a total of 157 teachers in the 12 secondary schools but the 46.03% found in only three schools. In general, there are an average of 13 teachers per school. The total enrolment in secondary schools in Borama District is 1601, 1518, 1357 and 1316 students in Form 1, Form 2, Form 3 and Form Four respectively with dropout rates of 5.18%, 10.60% and 3.02%, and a gross dropt at rate of 6.26%. The district average audience in all schools is 400. The study found there should be not less than 250 and not more than 280 teachers for all secondary schools in Boroma district. The study established that there is a general under staffing of the schools with up to 93 teachers. The strategies identified were recruitment of new staff for the 93 teachers, training and development, and retention programs. The study concludes that there is inadequate projection of teacher demand in secondary schools in Boroma district. Based on the findings and conclusion, the study recommends that a staff rationalization programme be carried out by the Ministry of Education and Higher Studies so that staffs are balanced in the schools in a manner that reflect the appropriate teaching loads; that the Ministry of Education and High Studies develop strict and standardized employment procedures based on age, grades, gender, area of origin so that staff diversity can be improved in schools; and that the Ministry of Education and Higher Studies develop a clear national policy on the number of teaching periods per teacher that is specific to the rank of a teacher. The study also recommends that new staff be recruited to fill the gap, and the existing staff be placed on suitable training and development programs. Finally, the researcher recommends that teaching projection to done on a wider scope such as Awdal region. This would increase the generalizability of the findings of the study.

 

5. MED/01/0029/2012 Sulemain Hassan Ali Effect of type of secondary school attended on performance in higher education. The case of Amoud University, Somaliland. Data Collection
6. MED/01/0032/2012 Abdisalam Moh’ed Osman Effect of teaching policy on academic achievement of students of Amoud university, Somaliland. Thesis
7. MED/01/0056/2012 Fadumo Sh Adam Samatar Factors influencing drop intention of girls from secondary schools in Borama district, Somaliland. Complete
8. MED/01/0059/2012 Abdillahi Ahmed Omar Factors influencing formulation of educational polices at Amoud university. Thesis

 

 

PROJECT PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT
S. No Reg. No Student's Name Research Title [Click on Title to View Publication]
Status
1. MBA/01/0004/2012 Ibrahim Dahir Bilaal Challenges facing implementation of rainwater harvesting projects by farmers in Borama district, Somaliland. Proposal
2. MBA/01/0006/2012 Mahdi Abdirahman Hufane Challenges facing the management of solid wastes in Borama district, Somaliland. Complete
3. MBA/01/0007/2012 Mukhtar Muhumed Alabari Challenges facing the performance of small scale fishing projects in Awdal region, Somaliland. Complete
4. MBA/01/0014/2012 Abdirahman Sh. Muse Osman Effect of irregular youth migration on the SES of affected households in Borama district, Somaliland. Proposal
5. MBA/01/0017/2012 Nadira Jamal Jama Effect of corruption on the performance of construction projects in Borama district, Somaliland. Thesis
6. MBA/01/0018/2012 Safia Abdi Ibrahim Effect of community participation on the sustainability of development projects in Baki district, Somaliland. Proposal
7. MBA/01/0027/2012 Deq Abdisamad Hassan Factors influencing the performance of small scale business in Borama town, Somaliland. Complete- Published
8. MBA/01/0037/2012 Abdikadir Nouh Abdi Effect of management on sustainability of projects I Borama district, Somaliland. Complete
9. MBA/01/0053/2012 Mohamoud Egeh Yousuf Influence of Female Genital Mutilation Projects on the Prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation in Borama District, Somaliland Complete - Published
 

EFFECTIVENESS OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION PROJECTS

 

 

Influence of Female Genital Mutilation Projects on the Prevalence of Female

Genital Mutilation in Borama District, Somaliland

 

 

Mohamud E. Yusuf
Amoud University

 


A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of

Masters of Arts in Project Planning and Management

 

 

December, 2014

 

ABSTRACT

This study examined the influence of FGM Projects on the prevalence of FGM in Borama District, Somaliland. FGM are refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female genital organs or other injuries to the female genetilia for cultural, religious or other non-therapeutic reasons. FGM was conceptualized as clitoridectomy, infibulation, excision and pricking. FGM is deeply rooted in the traditional belief systems that reinforce predefined, often discriminating roles against women in those societies that practice it, but it has several negative effects. It can cause post-traumatic oedema of the vulva and obstruction of the urethra, or psychosomatic urine retention, a situation that often leads to repeat operations at later dates and several other health risks, including death. But despite its adverse effects, FGM is still widely practiced in Pakistan with a prevalence rate of 12.65%, in Iraq 72.7% and in Yemen 23%. In Europe, the prevalence is 1%, in Ethiopia 69.7%, in Nigeria 25.1%, 91% in Sudan, 98% in Somalia 5%, in Uganda, and 98% in Somaliland. FGM projects have been started to fight it in Somaliland, but FGM practice is still rampant in the region. A lot of resources have been committed to the FGM projects, but the effectiveness of FGM projects in mitigating FGM had not been investigated, and were largely unknown. This study specifically investigated the influence of FGM projects on the prevalence of clitoridoctomy, on the prevalence of infibulation, on the prevalence of excision and on the prevalence of pricking. Guided by Theory Y, the study used cross sectional survey research design. Data was collected from a random sample of 372 households using questionnaire from February to March 2014, analyzed used chi-squire test independence method and reported in figures and tables. The study established that (i) FGM projects do not have significant influence on the practice of clitoridectomy in Borama district, χ2 (2, N = 372) = .263, p = .877,  Ф = .027, but, (ii) FGM projects have a significant influence on the practice of infibulation in Borama district,  χ2 (2, N = 372) = 74.4, p = .000, Ф = .447. The study also established that (iii) FGM projects have a significant influence on the practice of excision in Borama district, χ2 (4, N = 372) = 227.68, p = .000, Ф =.782, but FGM projects do not have a significant influence on the practice of pricking in Borama district, χ2 (2, N = 372) = .000, p = .921, Ф = .000. The study concludes that FGM projects have a significant influence on the prevalence of FGM in Borama District and have significantly reduced the practice of clitoridectomy, infibulation, excision and pricking among women of Borama District. The study recommends that (i) the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Family Affairs and the Ministry of Education and Higher Studies develop health education programmes and disseminate them to all educational institutions and other relevant institutions concerned, to speed up activities and change of attitudes for elimination of clitoridectomy. The study also recommends that (ii) Government, elders, religious leaders and international organizations provide more support to the FGM projects in their efforts to eradicate infibulation. The study further recommends that (iii) the Government and other donors increase funding to FGM projects to enable them continue their campaigns against excision, and (iv) that religious leaders and women organizations take up campaigns for eradicating pricking as the FGM projects have not been quite effective in this area. Finally, the researcher recommends that the study be done on a larger scale to cover more areas beyond Borama town and with more variables and dimensions than clitoridectomy, infibulation, excision and pricking. Such a study should adopt ex-post facto methodologies since this study was based mainly on the views of respondents.

 

10. MBA/01/0058/2012 Maryan Jama Omar Effect of women group projects on the livelihoods of women in Burma district, Somaliland. Proposal
11. MBA/01/0064/2012 Ismail Yasim Ahmed Effectiveness of conflict management strategies used in construction projects in Borama district, Somaliland. Proposal

 

PUBLIC HEALTH
S. No Reg. No Student's Name Research Title [Click on Title to View Publication] Status
1. MPH/01/0001/2012 Hussein Mohamud Mohamed Factors influencing measles immunization coverage among 9-59 month old children in Somaliland. Te case of Burao district, Somaliland. Proposal
2. MPH/01/0022/2012 Fadumo Ali Mohamed Effect of female genital mutilation on women’s health during delivery in Borama district, Somaliland. Complete
3. MPH/01/0023/2012 Abdisalam Jama Ibrahim Factors influencing delayed tuberculosis treatment in Borama district, Somaliland. Complete – published

 

DELAYED TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT
    


Factors Influencing Delayed Treatment among Tuberculosis Patients in Borama

District, Somaliland

 


Abdisalam J. Ibrahim
Amoud University

 


A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of

Master of Public Health in Epidemiology

 


December, 2014

 

ABSTRACT

This study investigated factors influencing delayed treatment among TB patients in Borama District. TB has been known to mankind since ancient times, as an infectious disease that spreads through the air from person to person as infectious droplets. Globally, TB has infected 9 million people and killed nearly 2 million people in 2004, with the highest prevalence (44%) in Africa. Somaliland has an annual TB incidence of about 324 cases per 100,000 people. TB was projected to have infected 2,501 people in Awdal Region in 2013, but only 14% of the suspected cases were reported and registered for treatment. The rest 86% were not likely to get treatment or could start treatment late and are regarded as being on delayed TB treatment. Delayed TB treatment refers to those who present to a health care provider at least 30 days after the onset of symptoms. The study focused on four objectives: to establish the relationship between socio-cultural factors; between TB awareness; between accessibility to TB treatment and the relationship between socio-economic status and delayed treatment among TB patients in Borama District. The study arose out of the fact that despite the high rate of delayed TB treatment in Borama, the factors that lead to delay of treatment were not known. Guided by the Health Belief Model Theory, the study was conducted through a cross-sectional survey research design. Data was collected from a random sample of 108 TB patients in Borama TB Hospital using questionnaire from March-April 2014, analyzed using chi-square test of goodness of fit method and reported in figures and tables. The study established that (i) socio-cultural factors significantly influence delayed treatment among TB patients in Borama District, χ2 (3, N = 108) = 121.704, p =.000, Ф =.102; (ii) that TB awareness significantly influences delayed treatment among TB patients in Borama District, χ2 (1, N = 108) = 23.148, p =.000, Ф =.462; and (iii) that accessibility to TB treatment significantly influences delayed treatment among TB patients in Borama District, χ2(4, N = 108) = 60.051, p =.000, Ф = .745. But the study established that (iv) socio-economic factors do not significantly influence delayed treatment among TB patients in Borama District, χ2 (2, N = 108) = .109, p =.000, Ф =.032. The study concludes that accessibility to TB treatment is the major cause of delayed treatment among TB patients in Borama District since it accounts for the largest variance (74.5%) of the factors influencing delayed TB treatment among TB patients in Borama District. The study recommends that the Ministry of Health, international organizations and other stakeholders work  together to create suitable environment to redress stigmatization, retrogressive attitudes and beliefs about TB; that the Ministry of Health work together with international organizations and other stakeholders to fight against TB  through increased public awareness about the symptoms of TB, location of TB treatment centres and the fact that TB diagnosis, consultations and treatment are free; and that the Ministry of Health integrate TB services to the primary health care facilities to minimize distances and improve the accessibility of TB service to community. Lastly the study recommends that the government puts in place special economic schemes for people with TB to enable them meet the incidental costs associated with TB treatment. Finally, the researcher recommends that the study be done in a larger scale to cover more areas beyond Borama District, with more variables than socio-cultural, TB awareness, accessibility and socio-economic factors.

 

4. MPH/01/0043/2012 Ismail Muh’ed Ayeh Factors influencing utilization of antennal care services by women in Borama district, Somaliland. Proposal  - defended
5. MPH/01/0044/2012 Ahmed Aden Buhane Factors influencing consumption of Khat by youth in Borama district, Somaliland. Proposal  - defended
6. MPH/01/0063/2012 Asma Ahmed Hashi Status of knowledge of prevention of hypertension among hypertensives in Somaliland. The case of hypertensives in Hargeisa Group Hospital Thesis
7. MPH/02/0067/2013 Saed Hussein Egeh Challenges facing the case management of pneumonia in Borama district, Somaliland. Proposal
8. MPH/02/0071/2013 Warda Abdi Kamil Factors influencing the prevalence antenatal anemia among expectant mothers in Borama District. Proposal  - submitted